Acknowledging & Apologizing for the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii
President William Jefferson Clinton signing Public Law 103-150 in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, D.C., 11/23/1993. The resolution acknowledged the 100th anniversary of the January 17, 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii and offered an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Vice President Albert Gore, Senators Daniel K. Inouye and Daniel K. Akaka and Representatives Patsy T. Mink and Neil Abercrombie are present. The image was photographed by Sharon Farmer.
For more context on the annexation of Hawaii, be sure to see:
In Indian civilization I am a Baptist, because I believe in immersing the Indians in our civilization and when we get them under holding them there until they are thoroughly soaked. –Richard Henry Pratt
In 1875, seventy two Plains Indians were captured at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and exiled to Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida, where they were subjected to military methods of ‘Indian assimilation’ under the direction of Lt. Richard Henry Pratt. Four years later, Pratt secured the permission of officials in the U.S. government to use a deserted military base in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, as the site of a school, and thus began the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. The Carlisle School was the first off-reservation Indian boarding school, and it became a model for Indian boarding schools everywhere. It was in operation from 1879 to 1918, and during that time more than 10,000 students passed through its doors.
This print/drawing was created for a 72-artist project called Re-Riding History, curated by Emily Arthur, Martin Begaye, and John Hitchcock. Watch this space for news about where the project will be shown in the months ahead.
(source: Half Letter Press by way of Art Work: a National Conversation about Art, Labor, and Economics)
Waziyatawin: Why she kicks ass
- She is a Dakota writer, teacher, and activist from the Pezihutazizi Otunwe (Yellow Medicine Village) in southwestern Minnesota.
- She is a Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Peoples in the Indigenous Governance Program at the University of Victoria, and is recognized as a leading indigenous intellectual.
- Her research interests include indigenous women’s roles in resisting colonialism, recovering indigenous knowledge, and truth-telling as part of restorative justice.
- She is also the founder and council member of Oyate Nipi Kte, a non-profit organization dedicated to the recovery of Dakota traditional knowledge, sustainable ways of being, and Dakota liberation (www.oyatenipikte.org).
- After receiving her Ph.D. in American history from Cornell University in 2000, she earned tenure and an associate professorship in the history department at Arizona State University where she taught for seven years. She currently holds the Indigenous Peoples Research Chair in the Indigenous Governance Program at the University of Victoria in British Columbia.
- She is the author, editor, or co-editor of six volumes including: Remember This!: Dakota Decolonization and the Eli Taylor Narratives (University of Nebraska Press 2005); Indigenizing the Academy: Transforming Scholarship and Empowering Communities(University of Nebraska Press 2004); For Indigenous Eyes Only: A Decolonization Handbook(School of Advanced Research Press 2005); In the Footsteps of Our Ancestors: The Dakota Commemorative Marches of the 21st Century (Living Justice Press 2006); What Does Justice Look Like? The Struggle for Liberation in Dakota Homeland (Living Justice Press 2008); and, her most recent volume, For Indigenous Minds Only: A Decolonization Handbook (School of Advanced Research Press, 2012).
- As an activist, Waziyatawin gained public attention in 2007 when she was arrested multiple times while protesting the Minnesota sesquicentennial celebration. The protests aimed to raise awareness of broken treaties and colonial violence, including the hanging of 38 Dakota men during the Dakota War of 1862 (the largest mass execution in American history).
- In 2011, she travelled to Palestine with a group of indigenous and women of colour scholars and artists including Angela Davis, Chandra Talpade Mohanty, and Ayoka Chenzira. Afterwards the group published a statement endorsing the boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) movement. She has drawn connections between the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and colonialism in North America.
Episode 16: Comfort
SAN FRANCISCO — Just as design is often seen as an afterthought for new technologies, art is often seen as superfluous to the more quantifiable work behind social change and the rhetorical and char…